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HISTORY

Old city Onogošt, founded in the fourth century as a Roman military fortress at the crossroads of important routes that connected the proper territories and adjacent areas, well situated on a natural rocky mound in a field between the Studenačke glavice and Trebjesa, lived through three major periods of human civilization. Through the ages, is has being torn down, rebuilt and upgraded by changing the look and masters, testifying about the major social and historical movements and changes in time in which it existed as a Roman Castrum, and as an object of defense of the entire area in Middle Ages, as the parish center at the time of flourishing of the Serbian state and finally, as a fortified Turkish city. Since its inception gothic Anagastum and medieval Onogošt was an active fort until the last invaders left.

The walls of the city eventually became tight for those who have sought refuge in it, so it starts the building under the city walls and spontaneously formed first settlements in the area - the beginnings of today's city. Therefore, the origin and development of the city must be linked to the old fortress city despite the fact that, even long before its creation, in Niksic field somewhere existed Roman settlement Anderba, which disappeared and which location has no immediate sources.

Liberation from the Turks in 1877 brings new settlers, gives a new impulse, there is a new spirit, it shows willingness and determination to "new well-Montenegro, which will, in addition to ancient heroism, wreathe with rays of culture and civilization." This orientation meant a desire for a new city next to the "old and rotten," Turkish town. This desire was realized with production of the first regulatory plan that was designed in 1883, which represents a concept of formation of solid urban structure by applying the model to a renaissance - baroque scheme of ideal cities. His disposition plan suggests ways and views of the distinctive internal and external reference points and the dominant structure that will tie the process of urbanization.

The plan was made by engineer Joseph Slade by the ordered of King Nichola.

The first three decades after the adoption of the plan features the rapid economic and social ascent, the development of handicrafts and trade, the emergence of a number of cultural and educational institutions and societies, and intensive urbanization. City has formed its backbone, and the construction of a number of representative objects (the Cathedral, the Palace, a complex of parks, Caesar's bridge) established important town landmarks. It was built in City Square with six streets that flow into it and formed several apartment blocks along the streets. The houses are low ore one-floor, simple, peaceful and harmonious architecture, with no special architectural value, but with the valuable qualities of the urban and cultural units.

The built of roads and bridges is achieved the connection with the world.

After both World War destroyed buildings were reconstructed and new erected, risen curtains on theatre stage, printed books, newspapers and magazines. Especially after World War II Niksic has tenfold increased and became one of Montenegro's industrial centers and important center of artistic and cultural expression, and numerous educational institutions.
 


CULTURE


Niksic is a city rich in cultural and historical heritage in which territory  are many cultural and historical monuments from the Illyrian and Roman times. Many objects from the historical development of the city are located within the Heritage Museum, the Center for Culture, in which are both archives and libraries. On the cultural level, apart from the Cultural Center operates City Theatre, Zahumlje public institution, then the Center for Information Department - (Niksic TV, Radio Niksic, Niksic newspapers), then Montena Radio, Radio 083, the Montenegrin independent weekly "Onogošt" as well as other publishing houses.

Organizing a number of literary and poetic evenings in which are particularly significant, "September days of culture" and "The Poet at the promenade," the promotion of books, organizing the event "International Festival of the actor", organizing concerts, singers, musicians and musical groups, and lately more and more, due primarily to the newly formed association of art lovers ARS and classical music concerts, theater organization, especially for children, publishing the list for primary schools "Acquaintances" link and secreted by the Faculty of Philosophy is only part cultural milieu that takes place every day and lives in Niksic.



EDUCATION

In Niksic operates 40 educational institutions, 11 kindergartens, 25 primary schools, an elementary music schools, 4 middle schools and one high-school institution Faculty of Philosophy. For students of the Faculty of Philosophy is available the dorm "Brothers Vucinic".

The city has a complete health care through the institutions: General Hospital, Hospital for Pulmonary Diseases and Health, which are also regional for municipaliies of Niksic, Šavnik and Plužine.



MOST IMPORTANT MONUMENT IN THE MUNICIPALITY NIKSIC


Monastery Ostrog is the most important center of religious pilgrimage in the region - the sanctuary of St. Vasilije of Ostrog, the Wonderworker. The monastery is a place of conciliar Orthodox, Islamic and Catholic faiths. It was built by St. Vasilije of Ostrog in 1666 below beams of Ostrog.

According to tradition, seven years after his death, his body was found complete. The sarcophagus of the saint's relics from the time are in the Church of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary in the Upper Monastery, which is indented in a natural cave recess. Located on the very rocky mountain cliffs, the monastery is a miracle of natural beauty. Holy Vasilije is considered a miracle worker and healer and is the largest Montenegrin saint. Ostrog is the most important pilgrimage place in Montenegro, where the faithful come from all over the world, especially in the summer during the traditional council.

The monastery is located between Danilovgrad and Niksic. According to custom, to the Upper monastery in which are relics of St. Vasilije, you must not go by car, but barefoot and walk through a small forest, like the pilgrims. Here come the poor and the wealthy from all over to find the medicine for the soul and body. Ostrog is the only place in the world where the miracles really happen. Impressive pictures of the monastery in the steep cliffs remains unforgettable vistas. Lower Monastery and the Church of the Holy Trinity, dating from 1824, and residence and seminary from 1742, is a special shrine of pilgrimage.



TOURISM

Cultural and historical monuments, natural beauty, geographical and climatic conditions classifie Niksic area as an attractive tourist area. Niksic is very important in the development of transit tourism, because it connects the Montenegrin coast with colorful and well-known beauties of Durmitor and its surroundings in the most indirect way.
CUSTOMER SERVICE
Montenegro Tourist Service
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