Vivid and in many ways unique Skadar Lake is situated in Zeta-Skadar valley, keeping contact with the river Bojana in the Adriatic Sea, from which it is separated in the distant past by a chain of high mountains.
With an area of 370 km2 to 530, depending on water level, is the largest lake on Balkan. Montenegro owns 2/3 of Lake, while 1/3 of the territory is owned by the Republic of Albania. The Montenegrin part of the coastal waters of the lake, area of 40,000 ha, was declared a national park in 1983. year.
Skadar Lake is separated from other national parks as an area with distinct limnological characteristics, exceptional richness of bird fauna and ichthyofauna and luxuriant swamp vegetation type. It is one of the most interesting biotopes of the area.
The lake is crypto, which means that some parts of its bottom are under sea level. Such places are called sub-lacustrine springs or eyes. There are about 30of it. The deepest “eye” Raduš is 60 meters deep, some data say it is deeper, while the average depth of the lakes is around 6m.
Its coasts are indented and rich in numerous bays, peninsulas and capes, mostly swampy, covered with a broad belt of reeds. Plant life is rich and varied. Besides the picturesque marsh plants, is particularly interesting kasoronja Trapa longicarpa ssp. scutariensis, while clear water is adorned with white and yellow water lilies. Only the southern part of the shoresa re rocky and are keeping the relict forests of chestnut. There are numerous small islands, so called hills. They are low, rocky and overgrown with laurel, ivy, wild pomegranate and shrubs.
As an important habitat for waterfowls, Skadar Lake is at Ramsar Convention 1996th enrolled in the World list of wetlands of international importance.
Due to preservation of the ecosystem and inaccessibility of some parts of the lake, especially along its northern shore, Lake Skadar is a “bird haven” for 264 bird species, many of which are in most of its range, depleted and endangered. In Europe, a rare Dalmatian pelican Pelecanus crispus has become the trademark of the lake and national park.
Data about richness and diversity of ichthyofauna show that in the water basin of Lake Skadar are 48 species of fish, while in the water which covers the national park is inhabited by 39 species of 44 registered so far. In addition to native species such as carp (Cyprinus carpio) and bleak (Alburnus Alburnus alborella) interesting is the presence of some sea, such as eels, mullet, lady’s smock, and kubla.
Numerous cultural and historical monuments, archeological sites, monastery complexes and fortifications scattered in a wide range in the basin of Lake Skadar, indicate that even in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries this area was an important cultural center.
The special elements of cultural heritage is the traditional buildings, old uninhabited and deserted fishing village, located on the shores of the Jezera, Raduš, Krnjice, Poseljani, Karuč,, once inhabitated, people lived by fishing and unplait fishing nets.